Roman Birds to Roncesvalles
Roman Birds Eagles; so called because the ensign of the Roman legion was an eagle.
Romanas aves propria legionum numina.- Tacitus.Roman Remains in England The most remarkable are the following:-
The pharos, church, and trenches in Dover.
Chilham Castle, Richborough, and Reculver forts.
Silchester (Berkshire), Dorchester, Nisconium (Salop), and Caerleon, amphitheatres.
Hadrian's wall, from Tyne to Boulness.
The wall, baths, and Newport Gate of Lincoln.
Verulam, near St. Albans.
York (Eboracum), where Severus and Constantius Chlorus died, and Constantine the Great was born.
Roman de Chevalier de Lyon by Maitre Wace, Canon of Caen in Normandy, and author of Le Brut. The romance referred to is the same as that entitled Ywain and Gawain.
Roman des Romans A French version of Amadis of Gaul, greatly extended, by Gilbert Saunier and Sieur de Duverdier.
Romance A tale in prose or verse the incidents of which are hung upon what is marvellous and fictitious.
Romanesque (3 syl.).
Romanic or Romance Languages. Those modern languages which are the immediate offspring of
Latin, as the Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and French. Early French is emphatically so called; hence
Bouillett says, Le roman était universellement parlé en Gaule au dixième siècle.
Frankis speech is called Romance,Romanism Popery, or what resembles Popery, the religion of modern Rome. (A word of implied reproach.)
Romantic School The name assumed, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, by a number of young poets and critics in Germany, who wished to limit poetry and art to romance. Some twenty-five years later Victor Hugo, Lamartine, and Dumas introduced it into France.
Romanus (St.), a Norman bishop of the seventh century, is depicted fighting with a dragon, in allusion to the tale that he miraculously conquered a dragon which infested Normandy.
Romany Gipsy language, the speech of the Roma or Zincali. This has nothing to do with Rome.
A learned Sclavonian ... said of Rommany, that he found it interesting to be able to study a Hindu dialect in the heart of Europe.- Leland: English Gipsies, chap. viii. p. 109.Rome Virgil says of Romulus, Mavortia condet moenia, Romanosque suo de nomine dicet (AEneid, i. 276). The words of the Sibyl, quoted by Servius, are Rwmaioi Rwmou paideV Romulus is a diminutive or word of endearment for Romus.
The etymology of Rome from Roma (mother of Romulus and Remus), or from Romulus, the legendary founder of the city, or from ruma (a dug), in allusion to the fable of a wolf suckling the outcast children, is not tenable. Niebuhr derives it from the Greek word rhoma (strength), a suggestion confirmed by its other name Valentia, from valens (strong). Michelet prefers Rumo, the ancient name of the river Tiber.
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