Philosopher's Tree to Phoenix Period
Philosopher's Tree (The), or Diana's tree. An amalgam of crystallised silver, obtained from mercury in a solution of silver; so called by the alchemists, with whom Diana stood for silver.
Philosophy Father of Philosophy. Albrecht von Haller, of Berne. (1708-1777.)
Philotime The word means lover of honour. The presiding Queen of Hell, and daughter of Mammon.
(Spenser: Faërie Queene, ii.)
And fair Philotime, the rightly hight,Philoxenos of Cythera A most distinguished dithyrambic poet. He was invited to the court of Dionysius of Syracuse, who placed some poems in his hand to correct. Philoxenos said the only thing to do was to run a line through them and put them in the fire. For this frankness he was cast into prison, but, being released, he retired to Ephesus. The case of Voltaire and Frederick II. the Great of Prussia is an exact parallel.
Bolder than Philoxenus,Philoxenos of Leucadia A great epicure, who wished he had the neck of a crane, that he might enjoy the taste of his food the longer. (Aristotle: Ethics, iii. 10.)
Philter (A). A draught or charm to incite in another the passion of love. The Thessalian philters were
the most renowned, but both the Greeks and Romans used these dangerous potions, which sometimes
produced insanity. Lucretius is said to have been driven mad by a love-potion, and Caligula's death is
attributed to some philters administered to him by his wife, Cæsonia. Brabantio says to Othello-
Thou hast practised on her [Desdemona] with foul charms,(Philter, Greek, philtron, philos, loving.)
Phineus (2 syl.). A blind king of Thrace, who had the gift of prophecy. Whenever he wanted to eat, the
Harpies came and took away or defiled his food.
Blind Thamyris, and blind Moeonides,
Phiz, the face, is a contraction of physiognomy.
Phiz Hablot K. Browne, who illustrated the Pickwick Papers, etc.
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