Patent Rolls to Patroclos

Patent Rolls Letters patent collected together on parchment rolls. Each roll is a year, though in some cases the roll is subdivided into two or more parts. Each sheet of parchment is numbered, and called a membrane: for example, the 8th or any other sheet, say of the 10th year of Henry III., is cited thus: “Pat. 10, Hen. III., m. 8.” If the document is on the back of the roll it is called dorso, and “d” is added to the citation.

Pater Noster The Lord's Prayer; so called from the first two words in the Latin version. Every tenth bead of a rosary is so called, because at that bead the Lord's Prayer is repeated. Formerly applied to the Rosary beads.

Pater Patrum St. Gregory of Nyssa was so entitled by the Nicaean Council. (332-395.)

Paternoster Row (London) was so named from the rosary or paternoster makers. We read of “one Robert Nikke, a paternoster maker and citizen, in the reign of Henry IV.” Some say it was so called because funeral processions on their way to St. Paul's began their pater noster at the beginning of the Row, and went on repeating it till they reached the church-gate.

Pathfinder Major-General John Charles Fremont, who conducted four expeditions across the Rocky Mountains. (1842).
   Pathfinder, in Fenimore Cooper's five novels, is Natty Bumppo, called the Pathfinder, the Deerslayer, the Hawkeye, and the Trapper. (See Natty Bumppo.)

Patience cry the Lepers A punning proverbial phrase. Lepers seek diligently the herb patience (lapathum) to relieve them from their suffering.

Patient (The). Albert IV., Duke of Austria. (1377-1404.) (See Helena. )

Patient Grisel Grisildes, Grisild, Grisilde, or Grisildis, according to Chaucer, was the wife of Wautier, Marquis of Saluces (Clerkes Tale). According to Boccaccio, Griselda, a poor country lass, became the wife of Gualtiere, Marquis of Saluzzo (Tenth Day, novel x.). She is put upon by her husband in the most wanton and gratuitous manner, but bears it all, not only without a murmur, but even without loss of temper. She is the model of patience under injuries. The allegory means that God takes away our children and goods, afflicts us in sundry ways, and tries us “so as with fire;” but we should always say, “The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord.”

Patin Brother of the Emperor of Rome, who fought with Amadis of Gaul, and had his horse killed under him.

Patina A beautiful surface deposit or fine rust, with which, in time, buried coins and bronzes become covered. It is at once preservative and ornamental, and may be seen to advantage in the ancient bronzes of Pompeii. (Greek, patane, a paten.)

Patmos (My). My solitude, my place of banishment from society, my out-of-the-way home. As “Good- b'ye, I must go to my Patmos.” The allusion, of course, is to the banishment of St. John to the island of Patmos, in the reign of Domitian.

Patois (2 syl.). Dialectic peculiarity, provincialism. Asinius Pollio noticed something of the kind in Livy, which he called patavinitas, from Patavium, Livy's birth-town.

Patri-Passians One of the most ancient sectaries of the Christian Church, who maintained the oneness of the God-head. The founder was Praxeas, of Phrygia, in the second century. The appellation was given to them by their opponents, who affirmed that, according to their theory, the Father must have suffered on the cross.

Patrician properly speaking, is one of the patres or fathers of Rome. These patres were the senators, and their descendants were the patricians. As they held for many years all the honours of the state, the

  By PanEris using Melati.

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