Aries to Arn-monat

Aries The Ram. The sign of the Zodiac in which the sun is from March 21st to April 20th.

"At last from Aries rolls the bounteous sun." Thomson: Spring , 20.

Arimanes (4 syl.). "The prince of earth and air," and the fountain-head of evil. It is a personage in Persian mythology, introduced into Grecian fable under the name of Arimannis. Byron introduces him in his drama called Manfred.

Arimaspians A one-eyed people of Scythia, who adorned their hair with gold. They were constantly at war with the gryphons who guarded the gold mines.

"As when a gryphon, through the wilderness ...
Pursues the Arimaspian, who by stealth
Had from his wakeful custody purloined
The guarded gold."
Milton: Paradise Lost, ii. 943.6)

Arioch One of the fallen angels cast out of heaven. The word means a fierce lion. (MIlton: Paradise Lost, vi. 371.)

Arion A Greek musician, cast into the sea by mariners, but carried to Tænaros on the back of a dolphin.

Arion. The wonderful horse which Hercules gave to Adrastos. It sprang from Ceres and Neptune, had the power of speech, and its feet on the right side were the feet of a man. (See Horse.)

Ariosto was privately married to Alessandra Benucci, widow of Tito Strozzi; she is generally called his mistress.

Ariosto of the North. So Lord Byron calls Sir Walter Scott. (Childe Harold, iv. 40.)

Aristeas The wandering Jew of Grecian fable. (See Jew.)

Aristides (4 syl.). Surnamed The Just. An Athenian statesman.

"Then Aristides lifts his honest front,
Spotless of heart; to whom the unflattering voice
Of Freedom gave the noblest name of "just.""
Thomson: Winter, 459-61.
The British Aristides. Andrew Marvell (1620--1678).
The French Aristides. Mons. Grévy, born 1813, president of the Third Republic 1879--1887, died 1891. He was a barrister by profession.

Aristippos (See Hedonism .)

Aristocracy The cold shade of the aristocracy - i.e. the unsympathising patronage of the great. The expression first occurs in Sir W. F. P. Napier's History of the Peninsular War.
The word "aristocracy" is the Greek aristo-cratia (rule of the best-born).

Aristophanes The English or modern Aristophanes. Samuel Foote (1722--1777).
The French Aristophanes. J. Baptiste Poquelin de Molière (1622--1673).

Aristotle Aristotle of China. Tehuhe, who died A.D. 1200, called the "Prince of Science."
Aristotle of the nineteenth century. Baron Cuvier, the great naturalist (1769--1832).

Aristotelian Philosophy Aristotle maintained that four separate causes are necessary before anything exists: the material cause, the formal, the final, and the moving cause. The first is the antecedents from which the thing comes into existence; the second, that which gives it its individuality; the moving or efficient cause is that which causes matter to assume its individual forms; and the final cause is that for which the thing exists. According to Aristotle, matter is eternal.

Aristotelian Unities Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, laid it down as a rule that every tragedy, properly constructed, should contain but one catastrophe; should be limited to one denoument; and be circumscribed

  By PanEris using Melati.

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