Scotland's Scourge to Scriptores Tres

Scotland’s Scourge, Edward I. Scotorum Malleus (1239, 1272–1307). His son, Edward II., buried him in Westminster Abbey, where his tomb is still to be seen, with the following inscription:—

Edwardus Longus, Scotorum Malleus, hic est.
(Our Longshanks, “Scotland’s Scourge,” lies here.)
   —Drayton: Polyolbion, xvii.(1613)

So Longshanks, Scotland’s Scourge, the land laid
   —Ditto. xxix.(1622).

Scots [scuite, “wanderer, a rover”], the inhabitants of the western coast of Scotland. As this part is very hilly and barren, it is unfit for tillage; and the inhabitants used to live a roving life on the produce of the chase, their chief employment being the rearing of cattle.

The Caledonians became divided into two distinct nations…those on the western coast which was hilly and barren, and those towards the east where the land is fit for tillage…As the employment of the former did not fix them to one place, they removed from one heath to another, as suited best with their convenience or inclination, and were called by their neighbours Scuite, or the “Wandering nation.”—Dissertation on the Poems of Ossian.

Scots (The Royal). The hundred cuirassiers, called hommes des armes, which formed the body-guard of the French king, were sent to Scotland in 1633 by Louis XIII., to attend the coronation of Charles I. at Edinburgh. On the outbreak of the civil war, eight years afterwards, these cuirassiers loyally adhered to the crown, and received the title of “The Royal Scots”. At the downfall of the king, the hommes des armes returned to France.

Scott (Sir Walter), the novelist and poet (1771–1832).

The Southern Scott. Ariosto is so called by lord Byron.

First rose
The Tuscan father’s “comedy divine” [Dante];
Then, not unequal to the Florentine,
The southern Scott, the minstrel who called forth
A new creation with his magic line,
And,like the Ariosto of the North [sir W. Scott],
Sang ladye-love and war, romance and knightly worth.
   —Byron: Childe Harold, iv 40(1817).

(Dantê was born at Florence.)

The Walter Scott of Belgium, Hendrick Conscience (nineteenth century).

The Swiss Walter Scott, Zoschokke (1771–1848).

Scottish Anacreon (The). Alexander Scot is so called by Pinkerton.

Scottish Boanerges (The), Robert and James Haldane. Robert died 1842, aged 79, and James 1851.

Scottish Chiefs (The), a novel by Jane Porter (1810), Robert Bruce and William Wallace are introduced.

Scottish Hogarth (The), David Allen (1744–1796).

Scottish Homer (The), William Wilkie, author of an epic poem in rhyme entitled The Epigonaid (1753).

Scottish Solomon (The), James VI. of Scotland, subsequently called James I. of England (1566, 1603–1625).

(The French Sully more aptly called him “The Wisest Fool in Christendom.”)

Scottish Teniers (The), sir David Wilkie (1785–1841).

Scottish Theocritos (The), Allan Ramsay (1685–1758).

  By PanEris using Melati.

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