King Petaud to Kitty Willis

King Petaud. (See Petaud.)

King Smith. (See Smith.)

King Stork. (See Stork.)

Kingdom of Snow, Norway, Sweden also is so called. When these kingdoms had each a separate king, either of them was called “The Snow King.” (See King, Snow.)

Let no vessel of the kingdom of snow bound on the dark-rolling waves of Inistore [the Orkneys].—Ossian: Fingal, i.

Kingsale (Lord), allowed to wear his hat in the presence of royalty. In 1203, Hugh de Lacie treacherously seized sir John condemned him to perpetual imprisonment in the Tower. When he had been there about a year, king John and Philippe Auguste of France agreed to determine certain claims by combat. It was then that John applied to De Courcy to be his champion; and as soon as the giant knight entered the lists, the French champion ran away panic-struck. John now asked his champion what reward he could give him for his service. “Titles and estates I have enow,” said De Courcy; and then requested that, after having paid obeisance, he and his heirs might stand covered in the presence of the king and his successors.

Lord Forester had the same right confirmed to him by Henry VIII.

John Pakington, ancestor of lord Hampton, had a grant made him in the 20th Henry VIII. “of full liberty during his life to wear his hat in the royal presence.”

Kingship (Disqualifications for).

(1) Any personal blemish disqualified a person from being king during the semibarbarous stage of society; thus putting out the eyes of a prince, to disqu alify him from reigning, was by no means uncommon. It will be remembered that Hubert designed to put out the eyes of prince Arthur, with this object. Witiza the Visigoth put out the eyes of Theodofred, “inhabilitandole para la monarchia,” says Ferraras. When Alboquerque took possession of Ormuz, he deposed fifteen kings of Portugal, and, instead of killing them, put out their eyes.

(2) Yorwerth, son of Owen Gwynedh, was set aside from the Welsh throne because he had a broken nose. (See Llewellyn.)

(3) Count Oliba of Barcelona was set aside because he could not speak till he had stamped thrice with his foot, like a goat.

(4) The son of Henry V. was to be received as king of France, only on condition that his body was without defect, and was not stunted.—Monstrelet: Chroniques, v. 190 (1512).

(5) Llewellyn (q.v.) was set aside because he had a blemish in the face.

Un Conde de Gallicia que fuera valiado,
Pelayo avie nombre, ome fo desforzado,
Perdio la vision, andaba embargado,
Ca ome que non vede, non debie seer nado.
   —Gonzales de Berceo: S. Dom., 388 (died 1266).

N. B.—Without doubt this disqualification was due the office of kings as offerers of sacrifice. Both the sacrifice itself and the sacrificer were bound to be without blemish, as any bodily defect in either was a mark of God’s displeasure. The question asked by Jesus’ disciples, “Who did sin, this man [in his pre- existing state], or his parents, that he was born blind? will readily occur to the reader.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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