Juba to Juliance

Juba, prince of Numidia, warmly attach ed to Cato while he liv ed at Utica (in Africa), and passionately in love with Marcia, Cato’s daughter. Sempronius, having disguised himself as Juba, was mistaken for the Numidian prince by Marcia; and being slain, she gave free vent to her grief, thus betraying the state of her affection. Juba overheard her, and as it would have been mere prudery to deny her love after this display, she freely confessed it, and Juba took her as his betrothed and future wife.—Addison: Cato (1713).

Jubal, son of Lamech and Adah. The inventor of the lyre and flute.—Gen. iv. 19-21.

Then when he [Javan] heard the voice of Jubal’s lyre,
Instinctive genius caught the ethereal fire.
   —Montgomery: The World before the Flood, i. (1812).

Jubilee Dicky, in Steele’s comedy of The Conscious Lovers (1721).

Judas, in pt. ii. of Absalom and Achitophel, by Tate, is meant for Mr. Fergueson, a nonconformist, who joined the duke of Monmouth, and afterwards betrayed him.

Shall that false Hebronite escape our curse—
Judas, that keeps the rebels’ pension-purse;
Judas, that pays the treason-writer’s fee;
Judas, that well deserves his namesake’s tree!

Absalom and Achitophel, ii. 319-322 (1682).

Judas Colour. In the old mysteryplays, Judas had hair and beard of a fiery red colour.

Let their beards be Judas’s own colour.
   —Kyd: The Spanish Tragedy (1597).

Judas Iscariot. Klopstock says that Judas Iscariot had a heart formed for every virtue, and was in youth unpolluted by crime, insomuch that the Messiah thought him worthy of being one of the twelve. He, however, was jealous of John, because Jesus loved him more than He loved the rest of the apostles; and this hatred towards the beloved disciple made him hate the lover of “the beloved.” Judas also feared (says Klopstock) that John would have a higher post than himself in the kingdom, and perhaps be made treasurer. The poet tells us that Judas betrayed Jesus under the expectation that it would drive Him to establish His kingdom at once, and rouse Him into action.—Klopstock: The Messiah, iii. (1748).

Judas Tree, a gallows.

N.B.—The garden shrub called the Judas tree is a mere blunder for kuamos tree, i.e. the bean tree; but the corrupt name has given rise to the legend that Judas hanged himself on one of these trees.

Judges (The Book of) contains the history of the Israelites after the death of Joshua, when the people were governed by judges.

There were fourteen judges, but the history of the last two (Eli and Samuel) is contained in the First Book of Samuel. Gideon, Jephthah, Samson, and Deborah woman) are the chief rulers mentioned in the Book of Judges.

Judgment of Hercules (The), (See Herculês’s Choice.)

Judgment of Paris, a poem, by James Beattie (1765). Tennyson’s Œnone (1832) is the same subject.

(N.B.—Œnonewas the beloved of Paris, who had to decide which of the three goddesses (Juno, Minerva, and Venus) was the most beautiful. All three tried the effects of bribery: Juno promised him dominion, Minerva promised wisdom, but Venus promised him the most beautiful of women for a wife. Of course, Paris gave his award in favour of Venus.)

  By PanEris using Melati.

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