Jacob’s Staff, a mathematical instrument for taking heights and distances.

Reach, then, a soaring quill, that I may write
As with a Jacob’s Staff to take her height.
   —Cleveland: The Hecatomb to his Mistress (1641).

Jacomo, an irascible captain and a woman-hater. Frank (the sister of Frederick) is in love with him.—Beaumont and Fletcher: The Captain (1613).

Jacques , one of the domestic men-servants of the duke of Aranza. The duke, in order to tame down the overbearing spirit of his bride, pretends to be a peasant, and deputes Jacques to represent the duke for the nonce. Juliana, the duke’s bride, lays her grievance before “duke” Jacques, but of course receives no redress, although she learns that if a Jacques is “duke,” the “pleasant” Aranza is the better man.—Tobin: The Honeymoon (1804).

Jacques (Pauvre), the absent sweetheart of a love-lorn maiden. Marie Antoinette sent to Switzerland for a lass to attend the dairy of her “Swiss village” in miniature, which she arranged in the Little Trianon (Paris). The lass was heard sighing for pauvre Jacques, and this was made a capital sentimental amusement for the court idlers. The swain was sent for, and the marriage consummated.

Pauvre Jacques, quand j’etais près de loi
Je ne sentais pas ma misère;
Mais à présent que tu vis loin de moi
Je manque de tout sur la terre.
   —Marquis de Travenet: Pauvre Jacques.

Jacques. (See Jaques.)

Jaculin, daughter of Gerrard king of the beggars, beloved by lord Hubert.—Fletcher: The Beggars’ Bush (1622).

Jaffier, a young man befriended by Priuli, a proud Venetian senator. Jaffier rescued the senator’s daughter Belvidera from shipwreck, and afterwards married her clandestinely. The old man now discarded both, and Pierre induced Jaffier to join a junto for the murder of the senators. Jaffier revealed the conspiracy to his wife, and Belvidera, in order to save her father, induced her husband to disclose it to Priuli, under promise of free pardon to the conspirators. The pardon, however, was limited to Jaffier, and the rest were ordered to torture and death. Jaffier now sought out his friend Pierre, and, as he was led to execution, stabbed him to prevent his being broken on the wheel, and then killed himself. Belvidera went mad and died.—Otway: Venice Preserved (1682).

Betterton (1635–1710), Robert Wilks (1670–1732), Spranger Barry (1719–1777), C. M. Young (1777–1856), and W. C. Macready (1793–1873), are celebrated for this character.

Jaga-naut, the seven-headed idol of the Hindûs, described by Southey in the Curse of Kehama, xiv. (1809).

Jaggers, a lawyer of Little Britain, London. He was a burly man, of an exceedingly dark complexion, with a large head and large hand. He had bushy black eyebrows that stood up bristling, sharp suspicious eyes set very deep in his head, and strong black dots where his beard and whiskers would have been if he had let them. His hands smelt strongly of scented soap, he wore a very large watch-chain, was in the constant habit of biting his fore-finger, and when he spoke to any one, he threw his fore-finger at him pointedly. A hard, logical man was Mr. Jaggers, who required an answer to be “yes” or “no,” allowed no one to express an opinion, but only to state facts in the fewest possible words. Magwitch appointed him Pip’s guardian, and he was Miss Havisham’s man of business.—Dickens: Great Expectations (1860).

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