(Pol"der) n. [D.] A tract of low land reclaimed from the sea by of high embankments. [Holland &
(Pold"way`) n. [Cf. Poledavy.] A kind of coarse bagging, used for coal sacks. Weale.
(Pole) n. [Cf. G. Pole a Pole, Polen Poland.] A native or inhabitant of Poland; a Polander.
(Pole), n. [As. pal, L. palus, akin to pangere to make fast. Cf. Pale a stake, Pact.]
1. A long, slender piece of wood; a tall, slender piece of timber; the stem of a small tree whose branches
have been removed; as, specifically: (a) A carriage pole, a wooden bar extending from the front axle of
a carriage between the wheel horses, by which the carriage is guided and held back. (b) A flag pole, a
pole on which a flag is supported. (c) A Maypole. See Maypole. (d) A barber's pole, a pole painted
in stripes, used as a sign by barbers and hairdressers. (e) A pole on which climbing beans, hops, or
other vines, are trained.
2. A measuring stick; also, a measure of length equal to 5 yards, or a square measure equal to 30 square
yards; a rod; a perch. Bacon.
Pole bean (Bot.), any kind of bean which is customarily trained on poles, as the scarlet runner or the
Lima bean. Pole flounder (Zoöl.), a large deep-water flounder native of the northern coasts of Europe
and America, and much esteemed as a food fish; called also craig flounder, and pole fluke. Pole
lathe, a simple form of lathe, or a substitute for a lathe, in which the work is turned by means of a cord
passing around it, one end being fastened to the treadle, and the other to an elastic pole above.
Pole mast (Naut.), a mast formed from a single piece or from a single tree. Pole of a lens (Opt.),
the point where the principal axis meets the surface. Pole plate (Arch.), a horizontal timber resting
on the tiebeams of a roof and receiving the ends of the rafters. It differs from the plate in not resting on
(Pole), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Poled ; p. pr. & vb. n. Poling.]
1. To furnish with poles for support; as, to pole beans or hops.
2. To convey on poles; as, to pole hay into a barn.
3. To impel by a pole or poles, as a boat.
4. To stir, as molten glass, with a pole.
(Pole), n. [L. polus, Gr. a pivot or hinge on which anything turns, an axis, a pole; akin to to move: cf.
1. Either extremity of an axis of a sphere; especially, one of the extremities of the earth's axis; as, the
2. (Spherics) A point upon the surface of a sphere equally distant from every part of the circumference
of a great circle; or the point in which a diameter of the sphere perpendicular to the plane of such circle
meets the surface. Such a point is called the pole of that circle; as, the pole of the horizon; the pole of
the ecliptic; the pole of a given meridian.
3. (Physics) One of the opposite or contrasted parts or directions in which a polar force is manifested; a
point of maximum intensity of a force which has two such points, or which has polarity; as, the poles of
a magnet; the north pole of a needle.