(Pleb"i*scite) n. [F. plébiscite, fr. L. plebiscitum.] A vote by universal male suffrage; especially, in France, a popular vote, as first sanctioned by the National Constitution of 1791. [Written also plebiscit.]

Plebiscite we have lately taken, in popular use, from the French.
Fitzed. Hall.

(||Ple`bis*ci"tum) n. [L., fr. plebs, plebis, common people + scitum decree.] (Rom. Antiq.) A law enacted by the common people, under the superintendence of a tribune or some subordinate plebeian magistrate, without the intervention of the senate.

(Plec"tile) a. [L. plectilis.] Woven; plaited. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

(Plec"tog*nath) a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Plectognathi. - - n. One of the Plectognathi.

(||Plec*to"gna*thi) n. pl. [NL., from Gr. twisted (fr. to plait, twist) + jaw.] (Zoöl.) An order of fishes generally having the maxillary bone united with the premaxillary, and the articular united with the dentary.

The upper jaw is immovably joined to the skull; the ventral fins are rudimentary or wanting; and the body is covered with bony plates, spines, or small rough ossicles, like shagreen. The order includes the diodons, filefishes, globefishes, and trunkfishes.

(Plec`tog*nath"ic Plec-tog"na*thous) a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Plectognathi.

(||Plec`to*spon"dy*li) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. plaited + a vertebra.] (Zoöl.) An extensive suborder of fresh-water physostomous fishes having the anterior vertebræ united and much modified; the Eventognathi.

(Plec`to*spon"dy*lous) a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Plectospondyli.

(||Plec"trum) n.; pl. L. Plectra E. Plectrums [L., fr. Gr. anything to strike with, fr. to strike.] A small instrument of ivory, wood, metal, or quill, used in playing upon the lyre and other stringed instruments.

(Pled) imp. & p. p. of Plead [Colloq.] Spenser.

(Pledge) n. [OF. plege, pleige, pledge, guaranty, LL. plegium, plivium; akin to OF. plevir to bail, guaranty, perhaps fr. L. praebere to proffer, offer (sc. fidem a trust, a promise of security), but cf. also E. play. &radic28. Cf. Prebend, Replevin.]

1. (Law) The transfer of possession of personal property from a debtor to a creditor as security for a debt or engagement; also, the contract created between the debtor and creditor by a thing being so delivered or deposited, forming a species of bailment; also, that which is so delivered or deposited; something put in pawn.

Pledge is ordinarily confined to personal property; the title or ownership does not pass by it; possession is essential to it. In all these points it differs from a mortgage [see Mortgage]; and in the last, from the hypotheca of the Roman law. See Hypotheca. Story. Kent.

2. (Old Eng. Law) A person who undertook, or became responsible, for another; a bail; a surety; a hostage. "I am Grumio's pledge." Shak.

3. A hypothecation without transfer of possession.

4. Anything given or considered as a security for the performance of an act; a guarantee; as, mutual interest is the best pledge for the performance of treaties. "That voice, their liveliest pledge of hope." Milton.

Previous chapter/page Back Home Email this Search Discuss Bookmark Next chapter/page
Copyright: All texts on Bibliomania are © Ltd, and may not be reproduced in any form without our written permission. See our FAQ for more details.