(Par"si*mo*ny) n. [L. parsimonia, parcimonia; cf. parcere to spare, parsus sparing: cf. F.
parcimonie.] Closeness or sparingness in the expenditure of money; generally in a bad sense; excessive
frugality; niggardliness. Bacon.
Awful parsimony presided generally at the table.Thackeray.
Syn. Economy; frugality; illiberality; covetousness; closeness; stinginess. See Economy.
(Pars"ley) n. [OE. persely, persil, F. persil, L. petroselinum rock parsley, Gr. stone + parsley.
Cf. Celery.] (Bot.) An aromatic umbelliferous herb having finely divided leaves which are used in
cookery and as a garnish.
As she went to the garden for parsley, to stuff a rabbit.Shak. Fool's parsley. See under Fool. - - Hedge parsley, Milk parsley, Stone parsley, names given to
various weeds of similar appearance to the parsley. Parsley fern (Bot.), a small fern with leaves
resembling parsley Parsley piert (Bot.), a small herb (Alchemilla arvensis) formerly used as a
remedy for calculus.
Cow parsnip. See Cow parsnip. Meadow parsnip, the European cow parsnip. - - Poison parsnip,
the wild stock of the parsnip. Water parsnip, any plant of the umbelliferous genus Sium, the species
of which are poisonous.
(Pars"nip) n. [OE. parsnepe, from a French form, fr. L. pastinaca; cf. pastinare to dig up,
pastinum a kind of dibble; cf. OF. pastenade, pastenaque.] (Bot.) The aromatic and edible spindle-
shaped root of the cultivated form of the Pastinaca sativa, a biennial umbelliferous plant which is very
poisonous in its wild state; also, the plant itself.
(Par"son) n. [OE. persone person, parson, OF. persone, F. personne person, LL. persona fr.
L. persona a person. See Person.]
1. (Eng. Eccl. Law) A person who represents a parish in its ecclesiastical and corporate capacities; hence,
the rector or incumbent of a parochial church, who has full possession of all the rights thereof, with the
cure of souls.
2. Any clergyman having ecclesiastical preferment; one who is in orders, or is licensed to preach; a preacher.
He hears the parson pray and preach.Longfellow. Parson bird (Zoöl.), a New Zealand bird (Prosthemadera Novæseelandiæ) remarkable for its powers of
mimicry and its ability to articulate words. Its color is glossy black, with a curious tuft of long, curly, white
feathers on each side of the throat. It is often kept as a cage bird.
1. (Eng. Eccl. Law) A certain portion of lands, tithes, and offerings, for the maintenance of the parson
of a parish.
2. The glebe and house, or the house only, owned by a parish or ecclesiastical society, and appropriated
to the maintenance or use of the incumbent or settled pastor.
3. Money paid for the support of a parson. [Scot.]
What have I been paying stipend and teind, parsonage and vicarage, for?Sir W. Scott.
(Par"soned) a. Furnished with a parson.
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