3. (Gilding) (a) An instrument used to take up gold leaf from the pillow, and to apply it. (b) A tool for
gilding the backs of books over the bands.
4. (Brickmaking) A board on which a newly molded brick is conveyed to the hack. Knight.
5. (Mach.) (a) A click or pawl for driving a ratchet wheel. (b) One of the series of disks or pistons in
the chain pump. Knight.
6. (Horology) One of the pieces or levers connected with the pendulum of a clock, or the balance of a
watch, which receive the immediate impulse of the scape-wheel, or balance wheel. Brande & C.
7. (Mus.) In the organ, a valve between the wind chest and the mouth of a pipe or row of pipes.
8. (Zoöl.) One of a pair of shelly plates that protect the siphon tubes of certain bivalves, as the Teredo.
See Illust. of Teredo.
9. A cup containing three ounces, ormerly used by surgeons.
Pallial chamber (Zoöl.), the cavity inclosed by the mantle. Pallial sinus (Zoöl.), an inward bending
of the pallial line, near the posterior end of certain bivalve shells, to receive the siphon. See Illust. of
(Pal"li*al) a. [L. pallium a mantle. See Pall.] (Zoöl.) Of or pretaining to a mantle, especially
to the mantle of mollusks; produced by the mantle; as, the pallial line, or impression, which marks the
attachment of the mantle on the inner surface of a bivalve shell. See Illust. of Bivalve.
(Pal"li*a*ment) n. [LL. palliare to clothe, fr. L. pallium a manltle. See Pall the garment.]
A dress; a robe. [Obs.] Shak.
(Pal"liard) n. [F. paillard, orig., one addicted to the couch, fr. paille straw. See Pallet a small
1. A born beggar; a vagabond. [Obs.] Halliwell.
2. A lecher; a lewd person. [Obs.] Dryden.
(Pal*liasse") n. See Paillasse.
(Pal"li*ate) a. [L. palliatus, fr. pallium a cloak. See Pall the garment.]
1. Covered with a mante; cloaked; disguised. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
2. Eased; mitigated; alleviated. [Obs.] Bp. Fell.
(Pal"li*ate) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Palliated; p. pr. & vb. n. Palliating]
1. To cover with a mantle or cloak; to cover up; to hide. [Obs.]
Being palliated with a pilgrim's coat.Sir T. Herbert.
2. To cover with excuses; to conceal the enormity of, by excuses and apologies; to extenuate; as, to palliate
They never hide or palliate their vices.Swift.