Judge Advocate (Mil. & Nav.), a person appointed to act as prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as
the representative of the government, as the responsible adviser of the court, and also, to a certain
extent, as counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel. Judge-Advocate General, in
the United States, the title of two officers, one attached to the War Department and having the rank of
brigadier general, the other attached to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of marines
or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs
a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation of a member of the ministry who is the legal
adviser of the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the proceedings of courts-martial.
Syn. Judge, Umpire, Arbitrator, Referee. A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed
to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person selected to decide between two or more who
contend for a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two contestants their portion of a claim, usually
on grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one to whom a case is referred for final adjustment.
Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary, sometimes appointed by a court.
(Judge), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Judged ; p. pr. & vb. n. Judging.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F.
juger, L. judicare, fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere to
say. See Just, a., and Diction, and cf. Judicial.]
1. To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence.
The Lord judge between thee and me.Gen. xvi. 5.
Father, who art judgeMilton.
Of all things made, and judgest only right!
2. To assume the right to pass judgment on another; to sit in judgment or commendation; to criticise or
pass adverse judgment upon others. See Judge, v. t., 3.
Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all.Shak.
3. To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from
falsehood; to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an opinion about.
Judge not according to the appearance.John vii. 24.
She is wise if I can judge of her.Shak.
(Judge), v. t.
1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties.
"Chaos [shall] judge the strife." Milton.
2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom.
God shall judge the righteous and the wicked.Eccl. iii. 7.
To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,Shak.
And to be judged by him.
3. To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment upon; to be censorious toward.
Judge not, that ye be not judged.Matt. vii. 1.
4. To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to reckon.
If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord.Acts xvi. 15.
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