(Id"i*o-) A combining form from the Greek 'i`dios, meaning private, personal, peculiar, distinct.
(Id"i*o*blast) n. [Ideo- + -blast.] (Bot.) An individual cell, differing greatly from its neighbours
in regard to size, structure, or contents.
(||Id`i*o*cra"sis) n. [NL.] Idiocracy.
(Id`i*oc"ra*sy) n.; pl. Idiocrasies [Idio- + Gr. kra^sis a mixture, fr. to mix: cf. F. idiocrasie.]
Peculiarity of constitution; that temperament, or state of constitution, which is peculiar to a person; idiosyncrasy.
(Id`i*o*crat"ic Id`i*o*crat"ic*al) a. Peculiar in constitution or temperament; idiosyncratic.
(Id"i*o*cy) n. [From idiot; cf. Gr. uncouthness, want of education, fr. . See Idiot, and cf. Idiotcy.]
The condition or quality of being an idiot; absence, or marked deficiency, of sense and intelligence.
I will undertake to convict a man of idiocy, if he can not see the proof that three angles of a triangle are
equal to two right angles.F. W. Robertson.
(Id`i*o*cy*cloph"a*nous) a. [Idio- + Gr. circle + to appear.] (Crystallog.) Same as
(Id`i*o*e*lec"tric) a. [Idio- + electric: cf. F. idioélectrique.] (Physics) Electric by virtue of its
own peculiar properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; opposed to anelectric. n. An
(Id"i*o*graph) n. [Gr. autographic; 'i`dios one's own + gra`fein to write.] A mark or signature
peculiar to an individual; a trade-mark.
(Id`i*o*graph"ic*al) a. Of or pertaining to an idiograph.
(Id`i*ol"a*try) n. [Idio- + Gr. to worship.] Self-worship; excessive self- esteem.
(Id"i*om) n. [F. idiome, L. idioma, fr. Gr. 'idi`wma, fr. 'idioy^n to make a person's own, to make
proper or peculiar; fr. 'i`dios one's own, proper, peculiar; prob. akin to the reflexive pronoun o"y^, o'i^,
'e`, and to "eo`s, 'o`s, one's own, L. suus, and to E. so.]
1. The syntactical or structural form peculiar to any language; the genius or cast of a language.
Idiom may be employed loosely and figuratively as a synonym of language or dialect, but in its proper
sense it signifies the totality of the general rules of construction which characterize the syntax of a particular
language and distinguish it from other tongues.G. P. Marsh.
By idiom is meant the use of words which is peculiar to a particular language.J. H. Newman.
He followed their language [the Latin], but did not comply with the idiom of ours.Dryden.
2. An expression conforming or appropriate to the peculiar structural form of a language; in extend use,
an expression sanctioned by usage, having a sense peculiar to itself and not agreeing with the logical
sense of its structural form; also, the phrase forms peculiar to a particular author.
Some that with care true eloquence shall teach,Prior.
And to just idioms fix our doubtful speech.
Sometimes we identify the words with the object though by courtesy of idiom rather than in strict