Geognost to Gerlind
(Ge"og*nost) n. [Cf. F. géognoste.] One versed in geognosy; a geologist. [R.]
(Ge`og*nos"tic Ge`og*nos"tic*al) a. [Cf. F. géognostique.] Of or pertaining to geognosy, or
to a knowledge of the structure of the earth; geological. [R.]
(Ge*og"no*sy) n. [Gr. ge`a, gh^, the earth + gnw^sis knowing, knowledge, fr. gignw`skein
to know: cf. F. géognosie.] That part of geology which treats of the materials of the earth's structure,
and its general exterior and interior constitution.
(Ge`o*gon"ic Ge`o*gon"ic*al) a. [Cf. F. géogonique.] Of or pertaining to geogony, or to the
formation of the earth.
(Ge*og"o*ny) n. [Gr. ge`a, gh^, the earth + generation, birth, fr. the root of to be born: cf. F.
géogonie.] The branch of science which treats of the formation of the earth.
(Ge*og"ra*pher) n. One versed in geography.
Geographical distribution. See under Distribution. Geographic latitude the angle included between
a line perpendicular or normal to the level surface of water at rest at the place, and the plane of the
equator; differing slightly from the geocentric latitude by reason of the difference between the earth's
figure and a true sphere. Geographical mile. See under Mile. Geographical variation, any
variation of a species which is dependent on climate or other geographical conditions.
(Ge`o*graph"ic Ge`o*graph"ic*al) a. [L. geographicus, Gr. : cf. F. géographique.] Of or
pertaining to geography.
(Ge`o*graph"ic*al*ly), adv. In a geographical manner or method; according to geography.
(Ge*og"ra*phy) n.; pl. Geographies [F. géographie, l. geographia, fr. Gr. ge`a, gh^, the
earth + description, fr. to write, describe. See Graphic.]
1. The science which treats of the world and its inhabitants; a description of the earth, or a portion of
the earth, including its structure, features, products, political divisions, and the people by whom it is
2. A treatise on this science.
Astronomical, or Mathematical, geography treats of the earth as a planet, of its shape, its size, its
lines of latitude and longitude, its zones, and the phenomena due to to the earth's diurnal and annual
motions. Physical geography treats of the conformation of the earth's surface, of the distribution of
land and water, of minerals, plants, animals, etc., and applies the principles of physics to the explanation
of the diversities of climate, productions, etc. Political geography treats of the different countries
into which earth is divided with regard to political and social and institutions and conditions.
(Ge*ol"a*try) n. [Gr. ge`a, gh^, the earth + worship.] The worship of the earth. G. W. Cox.
The Geological Series. The science of geology, as treating of the history of the globe, involves a description
of the different strata which compose its crust, their order of succession, characteristic forms of animal
and vegetable life, etc. The principal subdivisions of geological time, and the most important strata, with
their relative positions, are indicated in the following diagram.
(Ge*ol"o*ger Ge`o*lo"gi*an) n. A geologist.
(Ge`o*log"ic Ge`o*log"ic*al) a. [Cf. F. géologique.] Of or pertaining to geology, or the science
of the earth.
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