1. Miscarriage; failure; deficiency; fault; — mostly superseded by failure or failing, except in the phrase without fail. "His highness' fail of issue." Shak.

2. Death; decease. [Obs.] Shak.

(Fail"ance) n. [Of. faillance, fr. faillir.] Fault; failure; omission. [Obs.] Bp. Fell.

(Fail"ing), n.

1. A failing short; a becoming deficient; failure; deficiency; imperfection; weakness; lapse; fault; infirmity; as, a mental failing.

And ever in her mind she cast about
For that unnoticed failing in herself.

2. The act of becoming insolvent of bankrupt.

Syn. — See Fault.

(||Faille) n. [F.] A soft silk, heavier than a foulard and not glossy.

(Fail"ure) n. [From Fail.]

1. Cessation of supply, or total defect; a failing; deficiency; as, failure of rain; failure of crops.

2. Omission; nonperformance; as, the failure to keep a promise.

3. Want of success; the state of having failed.

4. Decay, or defect from decay; deterioration; as, the failure of memory or of sight.

5. A becoming insolvent; bankruptcy; suspension of payment; as, failure in business.

6. A failing; a slight fault. [Obs.] Johnson.

(Fain) a. [OE. fain, fagen, AS. fægen; akin to OS. fagan, Icel. faginn glad; AS. fægnian to rejoice, OS. faganon, Icel. fagna, Goth. faginon, cf. Goth. faheds joy; and fr. the same root as E. fair. Srr Fair, a., and cf. Fawn to court favor.]

1. Well-pleased; glad; apt; wont; fond; inclined.

Men and birds are fain of climbing high.

To a busy man, temptation is fainto climb up together with his business.
Jer. Taylor.

2. Satisfied; contented; also, constrained. Shak.

The learned Castalio was fain to make trechers at Basle to keep himself from starving.

(Fain), adv. With joy; gladly; — with wold.

He would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat.
Luke xv. 16.

Fain Would I woo her, yet I dare not.

(Fain), v. t. & i. To be glad ; to wish or desire. [Obs.]

Whoso fair thing does fain to see.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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