(Es"char) n. [Ir.] (Geol.) In Ireland, one of the continuous mounds or ridges of gravelly and
sandy drift which extend for many miles over the surface of the country. Similar ridges in Scotland are
called kames or kams. [Written also eskar and esker.]
(||Es"cha*ra) n. [NL., fr. Gr. a grate, a pan of coals.] (Zoöl.) A genus of Bryozoa which produce
delicate corals, often incrusting like lichens, but sometimes branched.
(Es"cha*rine) a. (Zoöl.) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Eschara, or family Escharidæ.
(Es`cha*rot"ic) a. [Gr. fr. an eschar: cf. F. escharotique.] (Med.) Serving or tending to
form an eschar; producing a scar; caustic.
(Es`cha*rot"ic), n. (Med.) A substance which produces an eschar; a caustic, esp., a mild
(Es`cha*to*log"ic*al) a. Pertaining to the last or final things.
(Es`cha*tol"o*gy) n. [Gr. the furthest, last + -logy.] The doctrine of the last or final things,
as death, judgment, and the events therewith connected.
(Es*chaunge") n. Exchange. [Obs.]
(Es*cheat") n. [OE. eschete, escheyte, an escheat, fr. OF. escheit, escheoit, escheeite,
esheoite, fr. escheoir (F. échoir) to fall to, fall to the lot of; pref. es- (L. ex) + cheoir, F. choir, to fall,
fr. L. cadere. See Chance, and cf. Cheat.]
1. (Law) (a) (Feud. & Eng. Law) The falling back or reversion of lands, by some casualty or accident,
to the lord of the fee, in consequence of the extinction of the blood of the tenant, which may happen by
his dying without heirs, and formerly might happen by corruption of blood, that is, by reason of a felony
or attainder. Tomlins. Blackstone. (b) (U. S. Law) The reverting of real property to the State, as
original and ultimate proprietor, by reason of a failure of persons legally entitled to hold the same.
A distinction is carefully made, by English writers, between escheat to the lord of the fee and forfeiture
to the crown. But in this country, where the State holds the place of chief lord of the fee, and is entitled
to take alike escheat and by forfeiture, this distinction is not essential. Tomlins. Kent.
(c) A writ, now abolished, to recover escheats from the person in possession. Blackstone.
2. Lands which fall to the lord or the State by escheat.
3. That which falls to one; a reversion or return
To make me great by others' loss is bad escheat.Spenser.
(Es*cheat"), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Esheated; p. pr. & vb. n. Escheating.] (Law) To revert, or
become forfeited, to the lord, the crown, or the State, as lands by the failure of persons entitled to hold
the same, or by forfeiture.
In this country it is the general rule that when the title to land fails by defect of heirs or devisees, it necessarily
escheats to the State; but forfeiture of estate from crime is hardly known in this country, and corruption of
blood is universally abolished. Kent. Bouvier.
(Es*cheat"), v. t. (Law) To forfeit. Bp. Hall.