(En*vie") v. i. [See Vie.] To vie; to emulate; to strive. [Obs.] Spenser.
(En"vi*er) n. One who envies; one who desires inordinately what another possesses.
(En*vig"or) v. t. To invigorate. [Obs.]
(En"vi*ous) a. [OF. envios, F. envieux, fr. L. invidiosus, fr. invidia envy. See Envy, and cf.
1. Malignant; mischievous; spiteful. [Obs.]
Each envious brier his weary legs doth scratch.Shak.
2. Feeling or exhibiting envy; actuated or directed by, or proceeding from, envy; said of a person, disposition,
feeling, act, etc.; jealously pained by the excellence or good fortune of another; maliciously grudging;
followed by of, at, and against; as, an envious man, disposition, attack; envious tongues.
My soul is envious of mine eye.Keble.
Neither be thou envious at the wicked.Prov. xxiv. 19.
3. Inspiring envy. [Obs. or Poetic]
He to him leapt, and that same envious gageSpenser.
Of victor's glory from him snatched away.
4. Excessively careful; cautious. [Obs.]
No men are so envious of their health.Jer. Taylor.
En"vi*ous*ly, adv. En"vi*ous*ness, n.
(En*vi"ron) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Environed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Environing.] [F. environner, fr.
environ about, thereabout; pref. en- (L. in) + OF. viron circle, circuit, fr. OF. & F. virer to turn, LL.
virare to turn up and down, topsy-turvy. Cf. Veer.] To surround; to encompass; to encircle; to hem in; to
be round about; to involve or envelop.
Dwelling in a pleasant glade,Spenser.
With mountains round about environed.
Environed he was with many foes.Shak.
Environ me with darkness whilst I write.Donne.
(En*vi"ron), adv. [F.] About; around. [Obs.]
Lord Godfrey's eye three times environ goes.Fairfax.
(En*vi"ron*ment) n. [Cf. F. environnement.]
1. Act of environing; state of being environed.
2. That which environs or surrounds; surrounding conditions, influences, or forces, by which living forms
are influenced and modified in their growth and development.
It is no friendly environment, this of thine.Carlyle.
(En*vi"rons) n. pl. [F.] The parts or places which surround another place, or lie in its neighborhood; suburbs; as,
the environs of a city or town. Chesterfield.