(En*vie") v. i. [See Vie.] To vie; to emulate; to strive. [Obs.] Spenser.

(En"vi*er) n. One who envies; one who desires inordinately what another possesses.

(En*vig"or) v. t. To invigorate. [Obs.]

(En"vi*ous) a. [OF. envios, F. envieux, fr. L. invidiosus, fr. invidia envy. See Envy, and cf. Invidious.]

1. Malignant; mischievous; spiteful. [Obs.]

Each envious brier his weary legs doth scratch.

2. Feeling or exhibiting envy; actuated or directed by, or proceeding from, envy; — said of a person, disposition, feeling, act, etc.; jealously pained by the excellence or good fortune of another; maliciously grudging; — followed by of, at, and against; as, an envious man, disposition, attack; envious tongues.

My soul is envious of mine eye.

Neither be thou envious at the wicked.
Prov. xxiv. 19.

3. Inspiring envy. [Obs. or Poetic]

He to him leapt, and that same envious gage
Of victor's glory from him snatched away.

4. Excessively careful; cautious. [Obs.]

No men are so envious of their health.
Jer. Taylor.

En"vi*ous*ly, adv.En"vi*ous*ness, n.

(En*vi"ron) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Environed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Environing.] [F. environner, fr. environ about, thereabout; pref. en- (L. in) + OF. viron circle, circuit, fr. OF. & F. virer to turn, LL. virare to turn up and down, topsy-turvy. Cf. Veer.] To surround; to encompass; to encircle; to hem in; to be round about; to involve or envelop.

Dwelling in a pleasant glade,
With mountains round about environed.

Environed he was with many foes.

Environ me with darkness whilst I write.

(En*vi"ron), adv. [F.] About; around. [Obs.]

Lord Godfrey's eye three times environ goes.

(En*vi"ron*ment) n. [Cf. F. environnement.]

1. Act of environing; state of being environed.

2. That which environs or surrounds; surrounding conditions, influences, or forces, by which living forms are influenced and modified in their growth and development.

It is no friendly environment, this of thine.

(En*vi"rons) n. pl. [F.] The parts or places which surround another place, or lie in its neighborhood; suburbs; as, the environs of a city or town. Chesterfield.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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