4. (M. E. Ch.) A clergyman authorized to administer all the sacraments; as, a traveling elder.
Presiding elder (Meth. Ch.), an elder commissioned by a bishop to have the oversight of the churches
and preachers in a certain district. Ruling elder, a lay presbyter or member of a Presbyterian church
(El"der) n. [OE. ellern, eller, AS. ellen, cf. LG. elloorn; perh. akin to OHG. holantar, holuntar,
G. holunder; or perh. to E. alder, n.] (Bot.) A genus of shrubs (Sambucus) having broad umbels of
white flowers, and small black or red berries.
The common North American species is Sambucus Canadensis; the common European species (S.
nigra) forms a small tree. The red-berried elder is S. pubens. The berries are diaphoretic and aperient.
Box elder. See under 1st Box. Dwarf elder. See Danewort. Elder tree. (Bot.) Same as
Elder. Shak. Marsh elder, the cranberry tree Viburnum Opulus).
(Eld"er*ish) a. Somewhat old; elderly. [R.]
(Eld"er*ly), a. Somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age; bordering on old age; as, elderly
(El"dern) a. Made of elder. [Obs.]
He would discharge us as boys do eldern guns.Marston.
1. The state of being older; seniority. "Paternity an eldership." Sir W. Raleigh.
2. Office of an elder; collectively, a body of elders.
(El"der*wort`) n. (Bot.) Danewort.
(Eld"est) a. [AS. yldest, superl. of eald old. See Elder, a.]
1. Oldest; longest in duration. Shak.
2. Born or living first, or before the others, as a son, daughter, brother, etc.; first in origin. See Elder.
"My lady's eldest son." Shak.
Their eldest historians are of suspected credit.Bp. Stillingfleet. Eldest hand (Card Playing), the player on the dealer's left hand. R. A. Proctor.
(El"ding) n. [Icel. elding, fr. elda to kindle, eldr fire; akin to AS. æld fire, ælan to burn.] Fuel.
[Prov. Eng.] Grose.
(El` Do*ra"do) pl. El Doradoes [Sp., lit., the gilt (sc. land); el the + dorado gilt, p. p. of
dorare to gild. Cf. Dorado.]
1. A name given by the Spaniards in the 16th century to an imaginary country in the interior of South
America, reputed to abound in gold and precious stones.
2. Any region of fabulous wealth; exceeding richness.
The whole comedy is a sort of El Dorado of wit.T. Moore.
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