(Ca*tas"tro*phe) n. [L. catastropha, Gr. fr. to turn up and down, to overturn; kata` down + to turn.]

1. An event producing a subversion of the order or system of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature; hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune.

The strange catastrophe of affairs now at London.
Bp. Burnet.

The most horrible and portentous catastrophe that nature ever yet saw.

2. The final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.

3. (Geol.) A violent and widely extended change in the surface of the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected by internal causes. Whewell.

(Cat`a*stroph"ic) a. Of a pertaining to a catastrophe. B. Powell.

(Ca*tas"tro*phism) n. (Geol.) The doctrine that the geological changes in the earth's crust have been caused by the sudden action of violent physical causes; — opposed to the doctrine of uniformism.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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