(Car"bide) n. [Carbon + -ide.] (Chem.) A binary compound of carbon with some other element
or radical, in which the carbon plays the part of a negative; formerly termed carburet.
(Car"bi*mide) n. [Carbon + imide] (Chem.) The technical name for isocyanic acid. See
(Car"bine) n. [F. carbine, OF. calabrin carabineer (cf. Ot. calabrina a policeman), fr. OF &
Pr. calabre, OF. cable, chable, an engine of war used in besieging, fr. LL. chadabula, cabulus, a
kind of projectile machine, fr. Gr. a throwing down, fr. to throw; down + to throw. Cf. Parable.] (Mil.) A
short, light musket or rifle, esp. one used by mounted soldiers or cavalry.
(Car`bi*neer") n. [F. carabinier.] (Mil.) A soldier armed with a carbine.
(Car"bi*nol) n. [Carbin (Kolbe's name for the radical) + -ol.] (Chem.) Methyl alcohol, CH3OH;
also, by extension, any one in the homologous series of paraffine alcohols of which methyl alcohol is
(Car`bo*hy"drate) n. [Carbon + hydrate.] (Physiol. Chem.) One of a group of compounds
including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms,
united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion
as to form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6.
(Car`bo*hy"dride) n. [Carbon + hydrogen.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon.
(Car*bol"ic) a. [L. carbo coal + oleum oil.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid
derived from coal tar and other sources; as, carbolic acid See Phenol.
(Car"bo*lize) v. t. (Med.) To apply carbolic acid to; to wash or treat with carbolic acid.
(Car"bon) n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo coal; cf. Skr. çra to cook.] (Chem.) An elementary
substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97.
Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral
coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring