(Can"di*ot) a. [Cf. F. candiote.] Of or pertaining to Candia; Cretary.
(Can"dite) n. (Min.) A variety of spinel, of a dark color, found at Candy, in Ceylon.
(Can"dle) n. [OE. candel, candel, AS, candel, fr. L. candela a (white) light made of wax or
tallow, fr. candëre to be white. See Candid, and cf. Chandler, Cannel, Kindle.]
1. A slender, cylindrical body of tallow, containing a wick composed of loosely twisted linen of cotton
threads, and used to furnish light.
How far that little candle throws his beams!
So shines a good deed in a naughty world.
Candles are usually made by repeatedly dipping the wicks in the melted tallow, etc. or by casting or
running in a mold.
2. That which gives light; a luminary.
By these blessed candles of the night. Candle nut, the fruit of a euphorbiaceous shrub a native of some of the Pacific islands; socalled
because, when dry, it will burn with a bright flame, and is used by the natives as a candle. The oil has
many uses. Candle power (Photom.), illuminating power, as of a lamp, or gas flame, reckoned in
terms of the light of a standard candle. Electric candle, A modification of the electric arc lamp, in
which the carbon rods, instead of being placed end to end, are arranged side by side, and at a distance
suitable for the formation of the arc at the tip; called also, from the name of the inventor, Jablockoff
candle. Excommunication by inch of candle, a form of excommunication in which the offender
is allowed time to repent only while a candle burns. Not worth the candle, not worth the cost or
trouble. Rush candle, a candle made of the pith of certain rushes, peeled except on one side, and
dipped in grease. Sale by inch of candle, an auction in which persons are allowed to bid only till
a small piece of candle burns out. Standard candle (Photom.), a special form of candle employed
as a standard in photometric measurements; usually, a candle of spermaceti so constructed as to burn
at the rate of 120 grains, or 7.8 grams, per hour. To curse by bell, book and candle. See under
(Can"dle*ber`ry tree) (Bot.) A shrub common in North America, the little nuts of which
are covered with a greenish white wax, which was formerly, used for hardening candles; also called
bayberry tree, bayberry, or candleberry.
1. A small glass bubble, filled with water, which, if placed in the flame of a candle, bursts by expansion
2. A pasteboard shell used in signaling. It is filled with a composition which makes a brilliant light when
it explodes. Farrow.
(Can"dle coal`) See Cannel coal.
(Can"dle*fish`) n. (Zoöl.) (a) A marine fish allied to the smelt, found on the north Pacific
coast; called also eulachon. It is so oily that, when dried, it may be used as a candle, by drawing a
wick through it. (b) The beshow.
(Can"dle*hold`er) n. One who, or that which, holds a candle; also, one who assists another,
but is otherwise not of importance. Shak.
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