Calamus to Calculation

(Cal"a*mus) n.; pl. Calami [L., a reed. See Halm.]

1. (Bot.) The indian cane, a plant of the Palm family. It furnishes the common rattan. See Rattan, and Dragon's blood.

2. (Bot.) A species of Acorus commonly called calamus, or sweet flag. The root has a pungent, aromatic taste, and is used in medicine as a stomachic; the leaves have an aromatic odor, and were formerly used instead of rushes to strew on floors.

3. (Zoöl.) The horny basal portion of a feather; the barrel or quill.

(||Ca*lan"do) a. [It.] (Mus.) Gradually diminishing in rapidity and loudness.

(Ca*lash") n. [F. calèche; of Slavonic origin; cf. Bohem. kolesa, Russ. koliaska calash, koleso, kolo, wheel.]

1. A light carriage with low wheels, having a top or hood that can be raised or lowered, seats for inside, a separate seat for the driver, and often a movable front, so that it can be used as either an open or a close carriage.

The baroness in a calash capable of holding herself, her two children, and her servants.
W. Irving.

2. In Canada, a two-wheeled, one-seated vehicle, with a calash top, and the driver's seat elevated in front.

3. A hood or top of a carriage which can be thrown back at pleasure.

4. A hood, formerly worn by ladies, which could be drawn forward or thrown back like the top of a carriage.

(Ca`la*ve"rite) n. (Min.) A bronze-yellow massive mineral with metallic luster; a telluride of gold; — first found in Calaveras County California.

(Cal*ca"ne*al) a. (Anal.) Pertaining to the calcaneum; as, calcaneal arteries.

(||Cal*ca"ne*um) n.; pl. E. -neums, L. -nea. [L. the heel, fr. calx, calcis, the heel.] (Anal.) One of the bones of the tarsus which in man, forms the great bone of the heel; — called also fibulare.

(Cal"car) n. [L. calcaria lime kiln, fr. calx, calcis, lime. See Calx.] (Glass manuf.) A kind of oven, or reverberatory furnace, used for the calcination of sand and potash, and converting them into frit. Ure.

(||Cal"car), n.; L. pl. Calcaria [L., a spur, as worn on the heel, also the spur of a cock, fr. calx, calcis, the heel.]

1. (Bot.) A hollow tube or spur at the base of a petal or corolla.

2. (Zoöl.) A slender bony process from the ankle joint of bats, which helps to support the posterior part of the web, in flight.

3. (Anat.) (a) A spur, or spurlike prominence. (b) A curved ridge in the floor of the leteral ventricle of the brain; the calcar avis, hippocampus minor, or ergot.

(Cal"ca*rate Cal"ca*ra`ted) a. [LL. calcaratus, fr. L. calcar. See 2d Calcar.]

1. (Bot.) Having a spur, as the flower of the toadflax and larkspur; spurred. Gray.

2. (Zoöl.) Armed with a spur.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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