2. A blockhead; a dunce.
It is common, to a proverb, to call one who can not be taught, or who continues obstinately ignorant, a
(Buz"zard), a. Senseless; stupid. [R. & Obs.] Milton.
(Buz"zard*et`) n. (Zoöl.) A hawk resembling the buzzard, but with legs relatively longer.
(Buzz"er) n. One who, or that which, buzzes; a whisperer; a talebearer.
And wants not buzzers to infect his ear
With pestilent speeches of his father's death.
(Buzz"ing*ly) adv. In a buzzing manner; with a buzzing sound.
(Buzz"saw`) A circular saw; so called from the buzzing it makes when running at full speed.
(By) prep. [OE. bi, AS. bi, big, near to, by, of, from, after, according to; akin to OS. & OFries. bi,
be, D. bij, OHG. bi, G. bei, Goth. bi, and perh. Gr. 'amfi`. E. prefix be- is orig. the same word.
&radic203. See pref. Be-.]
1. In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from; close to; along with; as, come and sit by me.
By foundation or by shady rivulet
He sought them both.
2. On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.
Long labors both by sea and land he bore.
By land, by water, they renew the charge.
3. Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side of; past; as, to go by a church.
4. Used in specifying adjacent dimensions; as, a cabin twenty feet by forty.
5. Against. [Obs.] Tyndale [1. Cor. iv. 4].
6. With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with aid of; through; through the act or agency
of; as, a city is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take by force.
To the meaning of by, as denoting means or agency, belong, more or less closely, most of the following
uses of the word: (a) It points out the author and producer; as, "Waverley", a novel by Sir W.Scott; a
statue by Canova; a sonata by Beethoven. (b) In an oath or adjuration, it indicates the being or thing
appealed to as sanction; as, I affirm to you by all that is sacred; he swears by his faith as a Christian; no,
by Heaven. (c) According to; by direction, authority, or example of; after; in such phrases as, it appears
by his account; ten o'clock by my watch; to live by rule; a model to build by. (d) At the rate of; according
to the ratio or proportion of; in the measure or quantity of; as, to sell cloth by the yard, milk by the quart,
eggs by the dozen, meat by the pound; to board by the year. (e) In comparison, it denotes the measure
of excess or deficiency; when anything is increased or diminished, it indicates the measure of increase or
diminution; as, larger by a half; older by five years; to lessen by a third. (f) It expresses continuance or
duration; during the course of; within the period of; as, by day, by night. (g) As soon as; not later than; near
or at; used in expressions of time; as, by this time the sun had risen; he will be here by two o'clock.