of gills. It includes the fresh-water genera Branchipus, Apus, and Limnadia, and the genus Artemia found in salt lakes. It is also called Phyllopoda. See Phyllopoda, Cladocera. It is sometimes used in a broader sense.

(Bran`chi*os"te*gal) a. [Gr. gill + to cover: cf. F. branchiostège.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the membrane covering the gills of fishes.n. (Anat.) A branchiostegal ray. See Illustration of Branchial arches in Appendix.

This term was formerly applied to a group of fishes having boneless branchiæ. But the arrangement was artificial, and has been rejected.

(Bran`chi*os"tege) (Anat.) The branchiostegal membrane. See Illustration in Appendix.

(Bran`chi*os"te*gous) a. (Anat.) Branchiostegal.

(||Bran`chi*os"to*ma) n. [NL., fr., Gr. gill + mouth.] (Zoöl.) The lancelet. See Amphioxus.

(||Bran"chi*u"ra) n. pl. [NL., fr., Gr. gill + tail.] (Zoöl.) A group of Entomostraca, with suctorial mouths, including species parasitic on fishes, as the carp lice

(Branch"less) a. Destitute of branches or shoots; without any valuable product; barren; naked.

(Branch"let) n. [Branch + - let.] A little branch; a twig.

Branch pilot
(Branch" pi`lot) A pilot who has a branch or commission, as from Trinity House, England, for special navigation.

(Branch"y) a. Full of branches; having wide-spreading branches; consisting of branches.

Beneath thy branchy bowers of thickest gloom.
J. Scott.

(Brand) n. [OE. brand, brond, AS. brand brond brand, sword, from byrnan, beornan, to burn; akin to D., Dan., Sw., & G. brand brand, Icel. brandr a brand, blade of a sword. &radic32. See Burn, v. t., and cf. Brandish.]

1. A burning piece of wood; or a stick or piece of wood partly burnt, whether burning or after the fire is extinct.

Snatching a live brand from a wigwam, Mason threw it on a matted roof.

2. A sword, so called from its glittering or flashing brightness. [Poetic] Tennyson.

Paradise, so late their happy seat,
Waved over by that flaming brand.

3. A mark made by burning with a hot iron, as upon a cask, to designate the quality, manufacturer, etc., of the contents, or upon an animal, to designate ownership; — also, a mark for a similar purpose made in any other way, as with a stencil. Hence, figurately: Quality; kind; grade; as, a good brand of flour.

4. A mark put upon criminals with a hot iron. Hence: Any mark of infamy or vice; a stigma.

The brand of private vice.

5. An instrument to brand with; a branding iron.

6. (Bot.) Any minute fungus which produces a burnt appearance in plants. The brands are of many species and several genera of the order Pucciniæi.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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