of gills. It includes the fresh-water genera Branchipus, Apus, and Limnadia, and the genus Artemia
found in salt lakes. It is also called Phyllopoda. See Phyllopoda, Cladocera. It is sometimes used in a
(Bran`chi*os"te*gal) a. [Gr. gill + to cover: cf. F. branchiostège.] (Anat.) Pertaining
to the membrane covering the gills of fishes. n. (Anat.) A branchiostegal ray. See Illustration of
Branchial arches in Appendix.
This term was formerly applied to a group of fishes having boneless branchiæ. But the arrangement was
artificial, and has been rejected.
(Bran`chi*os"tege) (Anat.) The branchiostegal membrane. See Illustration in Appendix.
(Bran`chi*os"te*gous) a. (Anat.) Branchiostegal.
(||Bran`chi*os"to*ma) n. [NL., fr., Gr. gill + mouth.] (Zoöl.) The lancelet. See Amphioxus.
(||Bran"chi*u"ra) n. pl. [NL., fr., Gr. gill + tail.] (Zoöl.) A group of Entomostraca, with suctorial
mouths, including species parasitic on fishes, as the carp lice
(Branch"less) a. Destitute of branches or shoots; without any valuable product; barren; naked.
(Branch"let) n. [Branch + - let.] A little branch; a twig.
(Branch" pi`lot) A pilot who has a branch or commission, as from Trinity House, England,
for special navigation.
(Branch"y) a. Full of branches; having wide-spreading branches; consisting of branches.
Beneath thy branchy bowers of thickest gloom.
(Brand) n. [OE. brand, brond, AS. brand brond brand, sword, from byrnan, beornan, to burn; akin
to D., Dan., Sw., & G. brand brand, Icel. brandr a brand, blade of a sword. &radic32. See Burn, v.
t., and cf. Brandish.]
1. A burning piece of wood; or a stick or piece of wood partly burnt, whether burning or after the fire is
Snatching a live brand from a wigwam, Mason threw it on a matted roof.
2. A sword, so called from its glittering or flashing brightness. [Poetic] Tennyson.
Paradise, so late their happy seat,
Waved over by that flaming brand.
3. A mark made by burning with a hot iron, as upon a cask, to designate the quality, manufacturer, etc.,
of the contents, or upon an animal, to designate ownership; also, a mark for a similar purpose made
in any other way, as with a stencil. Hence, figurately: Quality; kind; grade; as, a good brand of flour.
4. A mark put upon criminals with a hot iron. Hence: Any mark of infamy or vice; a stigma.
The brand of private vice.
5. An instrument to brand with; a branding iron.
6. (Bot.) Any minute fungus which produces a burnt appearance in plants. The brands are of many
species and several genera of the order Pucciniæi.