2. Unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; loath.

For wiser brutes were backward to be slaves.

3. Not well advanced in learning; not quick of apprehension; dull; inapt; as, a backward child. "The backward learner." South.

4. Late or behindhand; as, a backward season.

5. Not advanced in civilization; undeveloped; as, the country or region is in a backward state.

6. Already past or gone; bygone. [R.]

And flies unconscious o'er each backward year.

(Back"ward), n. The state behind or past. [Obs.]

In the dark backward and abysm of time.

(Back"ward), v. t. To keep back; to hinder. [Obs.]

(Back`war*da"tion) n. [Backward, v. t. + -ation.] (Stock Exchange) The seller's postponement of delivery of stock or shares, with the consent of the buyer, upon payment of a premium to the latter; — also, the premium so paid. See Contango. Biddle.

(Back"ward*ly) adv.

1. Reluctantly; slowly; aversely. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.

2. Perversely; ill. [Obs.]

And does he think so backwardly of me?

(Back"ward*ness), n. The state of being backward.

(Back"wash`) v. t. To clean the oil from (wool) after combing. Ash.

(Back"wa`ter) n. [Back, a. or adv. + -water.]

1. Water turned back in its course by an obstruction, an opposing current, or the flow of the tide, as in a sewer or river channel, or across a river bar.

2. An accumulation of water overflowing the low lands, caused by an obstruction.

3. Water thrown back by the turning of a waterwheel, or by the paddle wheels of a steamer.

(Back"woods") n. pl. [Back, a. + woods.] The forests or partly cleared grounds on the frontiers.

(Back"woods"man) n.; pl. Backwoodsmen A man living in the forest in or beyond the new settlements, especially on the western frontiers of the older portions of the United States. Fisher Ames.

(Back"worm`) n. [2d back, n. + worm.] A disease of hawks. See Filanders. Wright.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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