Syn. Correspondent; similar; like.
A*nal"o gous*ly, adv. A*nal"o*gous*ness, n.
(An"a*logue) n. [F. fr. Gr. .]
1. That which is analogous to, or corresponds with, some other thing.
The vexatious tyranny of the individual despot meets its analogue in the insolent tyranny of the many.
2. (Philol.) A word in one language corresponding with one in another; an analogous term; as, the Latin
"pater" is the analogue of the English "father."
3. (Nat. Hist.) (a) An organ which is equivalent in its functions to a different organ in another species
or group, or even in the same group; as, the gill of a fish is the analogue of a lung in a quadruped, although
the two are not of like structural relations. (b) A species in one genus or group having its characters
parallel, one by one, with those of another group. (c) A species or genus in one country closely related
to a species of the same genus, or a genus of the same group, in another: such species are often called
representative species, and such genera, representative genera. Dana.
(A*nal"o*gy) n.; pl. Analogies [L. analogia, Gr. fr. : cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.]
1. A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects,
when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the
mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden.
Followed by between, to, or with; as, there is an analogy between these objects, or one thing has an
analogy to or with another.
Analogy is very commonly used to denote similarity or essential resemblance; but its specific meaning
is a similarity of relations, and in this consists the difference between the argument from example and
that from analogy. In the former, we argue from the mere similarity of two things; in the latter, from the
similarity of their relations. Karslake.
2. (Biol.) A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different.
3. (Geom.) Proportion; equality of ratios.
4. (Gram.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of
origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly. Johnson.
(An"a*lyse v., An"a*ly`ser) n., etc. Same as Analyze, Analyzer, etc.
(A*nal"y*sis) n.; pl. Analyses [Gr. fr. to unloose, to dissolve, to resolve into its elements; up +
to loose. See Loose.]