Fixed alkalies, potash and soda. Vegetable alkalies. Same as Alkaloids. Volatile alkali,
ammonia, so called in distinction from the fixed alkalies.
(Al"ka*li*fi`a*ble) a. [Cf. F. alcalifiable.] Capable of being alkalified, or converted into an
(Al"ka*li*fy) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alkalified ; p. pr. & vb. n. Alkalifying.] [Alkali + -fly: cf. F.
alcalifier.] To convert into an alkali; to give alkaline properties to.
(Al"ka*li*fy), v. i. To become changed into an alkali.
(Al`ka*lim"e*ter) n. [Alkali + -meter. cf. F. alcalimètre.] An instrument to ascertain the strength
of alkalies, or the quantity of alkali in a mixture.
(Al`ka*li*met"ric Al`ka*li*met"ric*al) a. Of or pertaining to alkalimetry.
(Al`ka*lim"e*try) n. [Cf. F. alcalimètrie.] (Chem.) The art or process of ascertaining the
strength of alkalies, or the quantity present in alkaline mixtures.
Alkaline earths, certain substances, as lime, baryta, strontia, and magnesia, possessing some of the
qualities of alkalies. Alkaline metals, potassium, sodium, cæsium, lithium, rubidium. Alkaline
reaction, a reaction indicating alkalinity, as by the action on limits, turmeric, etc.
(Al"ka*line) a. [Cf. F. alcalin.] Of or pertaining to an alkali or to alkalies; having the properties
of an alkali.
(Al`ka*lin"i*ty) n. The quality which constitutes an alkali; alkaline property. Thomson.
(Al*ka"li*ous) a. Alkaline. [Obs.]
(Al"ka*li*zate) a. Alkaline. [Obs.] Boyle.
(Al"ka*li**zate) v. t. To alkalizate. [R.] Johnson.
(Al`ka*li*za"tion) n. [Cf. F. alcalisation.] The act rendering alkaline by impregnating with
an alkali; a conferring of alkaline qualities.
(Al"ka*lize) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alkalized ; p. pr. & vb. n. Alkalizing ] [Cf. F. alcaliser.] To
render alkaline; to communicate the properties of an alkali to.
(Al"ka*loid Al`ka*loid"al) a. [Alkali + -oid: cf. F. alcaloïde.] Pertaining to, resembling, or containing,
(Al"ka*loid) n. (Chem.) An organic base, especially one of a class of substances occurring
ready formed in the tissues of plants and the bodies of animals.
Alkaloids all contain nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen, and many of them also contain oxygen. They include
many of the active principles in plants; thus, morphine and narcotine are alkaloids found in opium.
(Al"ka*net) n. [Dim. of Sp. alcana, alheña, in which al is the Ar. article. See Henna, and cf.
1. (Chem.) A dyeing matter extracted from the roots of Alkanna tinctoria, which gives a fine deep red
2. (Bot.) (a) A boraginaceous herb (Alkanna tinctoria) yielding the dye; orchanet. (b) The similar
plant Anchusa officinalis; bugloss; also, the American puccoon.
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