And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen agreed according to the commandment of the
 Yea, many also of the Israelites consented to his religion, and sacrificed unto idols, and profaned
 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Juda that
they should follow the strange laws of the land,
 And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink
offerings, in the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival days:
 And pollute the
sanctuary and holy people:
 Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and sacrifice swine's
flesh, and unclean beasts:
 That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and make their
souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and profanation:
 To the end they might forget the
law, and change all the ordinances.
 And whosoever would not do according to the commandment
of the king, he said, he should die.
 In the selfsame manner wrote he to his whole kingdom, and
appointed overseers over all the people, commanding the cities of Juda to sacrifice, city by city.
many of the people were gathered unto them, to wit every one that forsook the law; and so they committed
evils in the land;
 And drove the Israelites into secret places, even wheresoever they could flee for
 Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and fifth year, they set up
the abomination of desolation upon the altar, and builded idol altars throughout the cities of Juda on
 And burnt incense at the doors of their houses, and in the streets.
 And when they
had rent in pieces the books of the law which they found, they burnt them with fire.
 And whosoever
was found with any the book of the testament, or if any committed to the law, the king's commandment
was, that they should put him to death.
 Thus did they by their authority unto the Israelites every
month, to as many as were found in the cities.
 Now the five and twentieth day of the month they
did sacrifice upon the idol altar, which was upon the altar of God.
 At which time according to the
commandment they put to death certain women, that had caused their children to be circumcised.
And they hanged the infants about their necks, and rifled their houses, and slew them that had circumcised
 Howbeit many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in themselves not to eat any unclean
 Wherefore the rather to die, that they might not be defiled with meats, and that they might not
profane the holy covenant: so then they died.
 And there was very great wrath upon Israel.
 In those days arose Mattathias the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib,
from Jerusalem, and dwelt in Modin.
 And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis:
 Simon; called
 Judas, who was called Maccabeus:
 Eleazar, called Avaran: and Jonathan, whose surname
 And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Juda and Jerusalem,
said, Woe is me! wherefore was I born to see this misery of my people, and of the holy city, and to
dwell there, when it was delivered into the hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the hand of strangers?
Her temple is become as a man without glory.
 Her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity,
her infants are slain in the streets, her young men with the sword of the enemy.
 What nation hath
not had a part in her kingdom and gotten of her spoils?
 All her ornaments are taken away; of a free
woman she is become a bondslave.
 And, behold, our sanctuary, even our beauty and our glory, is
laid waste, and the Gentiles have profaned it.
 To what end therefore shall we live any longer?
Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put on sackcloth, and mourned very sore.
the mean while the king's officers, such as compelled the people to revolt, came into the city Modin,
to make them sacrifice.
 And when many of Israel came unto them, Mattathias also and his sons
 Then answered the king's officers, and said to Mattathias on this wise, Thou art a
ruler, and an honourable and great man in this city, and strengthened with sons and brethren:
therefore come thou first, and fulfil the king's commandment, like as all the heathen have done, yea, and
the men of Juda also, and such as remain at Jerusalem: so shalt thou and thy house be in the number
of the king's friends, and thou and thy children shall be honoured with silver and gold, and many rewards.
Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though all the nations that are under the king's
dominion obey him, and fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give consent to his
 Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant of our fathers.
God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.
 We will not hearken to the king's
words, to go from our religion, either on the right hand, or the left.
 Now when he had left speaking
these words, there came one of the Jews in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was at Modin,